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Citation: CSE Citation

More Questions? CSE Style Resources

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CSE Manual

CSE Style

The Council of Science Editors (CSE), formerly the CBE (Council of Biology Editors), produces a guide to appropriate scientific style commonly used for citing sources in the sciences, which includes biology, chemistry, computer science, engineering, geology, mathematics and physics. The guide is also commonly referred to as "the CSE Manual." For more detailed information, see these websites:

CSE does not prescribe a paper format, but the library recommends using 12-point Times New Roman, double-spaced with one-inch margins top, bottom and sides. 

CSE citation style and a few rules

Examples of citations of different formats in CSE Name-Year

A few rules about CSE Name-Year system:

  • Titles of articles, chapters, journals and books are not italicized.
  • Only the first word in a title of a book or article is capitalized.
  • Only species' names are italicized; i.e., Sequoia sempervirens or Olea europaea.

The two types of citations are "end references," included in your References or Cited References page, and "in text references," included within the text of your paper in the paragraph in which you cite that source. References pages are formatted with a hanging indent; the second line of a citation is indented.

Print book:

Author(s). Date. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Extent (number of pages). Notes.


Campbell NA, Reece JB, Taylor MB, EJS, Dickey JL. 2009. Parasitic fungi harm plants and animals. In: Biology: concepts & connections. 6th ed.

San Francisco: Pearson/Benjamin Cummings. p. 359.

In text citation: (Campbell et al. 2009)

Journal article:

Schardl CL, Leuchtmann A, Spiering MJ. 2004. Symbioses of grasses with seedborne fungal endophytes. Annual Review of Plant Biology 55:315-40.

In text citation: (Leuchtmann et al. 2004)

CSE Format

Tips and Guides

CSE Style Guide (Ohio State University)