The Community College Consortium on Open Education Resources (CCCOER), established in 2007 in the Foothill-De Anza Community College District, is "a joint effort by individual community colleges, regional and statewide consortia, the Open Courseware Consortium, the American Association for Community Colleges, the League for Innovation in the Community Colleges, and many other educational partners to develop and use open educational resources, open textbooks, and open courseware to expand access to higher education and improve teaching and learning."
Several recent laws have fueled the effort to make textbooks more affordable.
California's three higher educational systems, the University of California, the California State University and California Community Colleges established the California Open Education Resource Council established the California Open Education Resource Council due to Senate Bill 1052. Senate Bill 2053 directed the CSU to establish the California Digital Open Source Library. The bills established the goal of making higher education in California more affordable by providing faculty and students access to free and lower-cost instructional materials.