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Library Introduction: APA Citation

APA Manual

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Asociation is the offical guide of APA citation formatting. You can find the manual at the reference desk and in the reference section of the library's collection.

Sample APA Paper

Click the image for an informative example of a research paper with explanations of APA formatting:

More Questions? APA Resources


The Purdue OWL MLA Formattting and Style Guide is another helpful resource for MLA citation. In text citions (giving credit for any quotes, facts, paraphrases, or summaries in your paper) and creating a list of references.


Easybib:  enter information about your book, article, or website and Easybib will create a citation.

APA Reference Page

When you use outside sources, you will need to create a References page that tells your reader all the information they need to find the source themselves if they want to. 


See the examples below of commonly used resources.


For more information about creating a Reference list, see Diana Hacker.  There you will find examples of how to cite many different types of sources.

APA Book Format


Last Name, First initial. (Year). Title. City Published: Publisher.


Highmore, B. (2001). Everyday life and cultural theory. New York: Routledge.


Pictorial Example

APA Articles from the Databases


 Author Last Name, Initials. (year). Article title. Journal title, volume(issue), page range. DOI



Howard, K. R. (2007). Childhood overweight: Parental perceptions and  readiness for change. The Journal of School

            Nursing, 23(2), 73-79.  Retrieved from

Pictorial Example


APA Websites

Cain, A., & Burris, M. (1999, April). Investigation of the use of mobile phones while driving. Retrieved January 15, 2000,


Pictorial Example

Picture of a website

APA: Images

  APA In-Text Citation

Basic Format for a Short Quote

Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the year of publication in parentheses. Put the page number (preceded by “p.”) in parentheses after the quotation.


Critser (2003) noted that despite growing numbers of overweight
Americans, many health care providers still “remain either in
ignorance or outright denial about the health danger to the poor
and the young” (p. 5).


Basic Format for a Longer Quote

Longer quotes are indented to set them off.

      A Report by the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (2004) outlined trends that may have contributed to the
      childhood obesity crisis, including food advertising for children as well as
a reduction in physical education
      classes and after-school athletic programs, an increase in the availablity of sodas and snacks in public
      schools, a growth in the number of fast food outlets..., and the increasing number of highly processed, high-
      calorie and high-fat grocery products. (p. 1)


Basic Format for a Summary or Paraphrase
Include the author’s last name and the year either in a signal phrase introducing the material or in parentheses following it.
According to Carmona (2004), the cost of treating obesity is
exceeded only by the cost of treating illnesses from tobacco use.