Use the P.R.O.V.E.N. Source Evaluation Process to help you determine whether the sources you find are credible and appropriate choices for your particular research purpose. The process of evaluating a source includes examining the source itself and examining other sources by:
The questions below will help you think critically during the source evaluation process:
1Based on Caulfield, Mike. "Four Moves and a Habit." Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers, 2017.
P.R.O.V.E.N. Source Evaluation by Ellen Carey (6/18/18) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Three ways to Google:
1. Here is a link to www.google.com.
2. Also, try the advanced search page: http://www.google.com/advanced_search?hl=en
3. Finally, try Google Scholar: http://www.scholar.google.com
FactCheck.org: This nonpartisan, nonprofit organization is a project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania.
Politifact: “PolitiFact is a fact-checking website that rates the accuracy of claims by elected officials and others who speak up in American politics. PolitiFact is run by editors and reporters from the Tampa Bay Times . . .” *
Snopes: “The definitive Internet reference source for urban legends, folklore, myths, rumors, and misinformation.” *
Sunlight Foundation: “The Sunlight Foundation is a national, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization that uses technology, open data, policy analysis and journalism to make our government and politics more accountable and transparent to all.” *
The International Fact-Checking Network: (IFCN) is a forum for fact-checkers worldwide hosted by the Poynter Institute for Media Studies. These organizations fact-check statements by public figures, major institutions and other widely circulated claims of interest to society.” *
*All descriptive quotes provided by the websites they describe.