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Primary Sources for African American History

Okay, Let's Get This Out of the Way

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The National Museum of African American History and Culture: Buffalo Soldiers: Legend and Legacy

Buffalo soldiers of the 25th Infantry, some wearing buffalo robes, Ft. Keogh, Montana

Chr. Barthelmess, photographer. 1890

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Gladstone Collection of African American Photographs


"Large three-sheet broadside promoting 'Men of Color' to enlist in the Army

Text printed in relief with carved wood type and cast letterpress/metal type

This broadside and military recruitment of "men of color" generally was a precursor to the formation of the Buffalo Soldiers

Library of Congress: Buffalo Soldiers in Historic Newspapers

Library of Congress, Chronicling America (Historic American Newspapers)

PDFs of 216 articles 9 (as of May 2023) that discuss the Buffalo Soldiers

US Dept. of the Interior: Buffalo Soldiers in the National Parks