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News & Journalism: Guides, articles & videos


Fake news, disinformation and propaganda: Old story with a new name

The term "fake news" is recent, but promulgating misleading and false information is age-old. Before the use of social media influencing public opinion by manipulating information was called "disinformation" or disinformation campaigns." Under the heading "Nothing New Here, a BBC article, The (almost) complete history of fake news, states:

Misinformation, spin, lies and deceit have of course been around forever. But what Silverman and others uncovered was a unique marriage between social media algorithms, advertising systems, people prepared to make stuff up to earn some easy cash and an election that gripped a nation and much of the world.

Web pages never die. They just expire.

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The WayBack Machine: Part of the Internet Archive, the Wayback Machine is an archive of the internet, showing pages that have expired or been removed.

Videos to help you evaluate fake news

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Ted Talk: Markham Nolan: How to separate fact and fiction online


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60 Minutes producers investigate 'fake news'

What surprised 60 Minutes producers who reported on "stories that are provably false" and why arguing about it "is like going down the rabbit hole."

How accurate is what you're reading or hearing? Websites for checking rumors and questionable information

Icon of paper with a check markAs we've seen, you can read or hear almost anything. Check out information that seems intended to inflame on these websites. 

  • This nonpartisan, nonprofit organization is a project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania.
  • The International Fact-Checking Network: (IFCN) is a forum for fact-checkers worldwide hosted by the Poynter Institute for Media Studies. These organizations fact-check statements by public figures, major institutions and other widely circulated claims of interest to society.”
  • Media Bias Fact Check: This site describes themselves as “the most comprehensive media bias resource on the internet" and includes 1000+ media sources in their database.
  • Politifact: “PolitiFact is a fact-checking website that rates the accuracy of claims by elected officials and others who speak up in American politics. PolitiFact is run by editors and reporters from the Tampa Bay Times . . .”
  • Snopes: “The definitive Internet reference source for urban legends, folklore, myths, rumors, and misinformation.”
  • Sunlight Foundation: “The Sunlight Foundation is a national, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization that uses technology, open data, policy analysis and journalism to make our government and politics more accountable and transparent to all.”

More guides for evaluating websites

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